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Home Painting Guide

Diagnose your painting problems with our detailed list of common defects, their causes and simple prevention measures. Here are a few ideas to plan and have your painting job done in a more organised way.

Low Coverage

Low Coverage

Causes :

  • Improper thinning and application.
  • Highly absorbent surface.
  • Rough texture of plaster.
  • Top coat application directly over putty without application of primer.

Prevention:

  • Please read instructions on shade card or product packaging or refer to "Features and Application" section. Follow recommended instructions on application procedures and thinning.
Blistering

Blistering

Causes :

  • Caused by trapped moisture or gases in paint film (more likely in enamels).

Prevention :

  • Follow the specified recoating time interval.
  • Top coat application should not result in too thick a film at a time.

Remedy :

  • Smooth sand the surface and then repaint it.
Poor Adhesion

Poor Adhesion

Causes :

  • Application of paint over oily, greasy or very smooth surface.
  • Application over loose particles like dust or rust.
  • Not sanding previous coat of gloss paint.
  • Application over partially dried coat.

Prevention :

  • Ensure proper surface preparation.

Remedy :

  • Surface should be repainted.
Chalking

Chalking

Causes :

  • Application of paint over oily, greasy or very smooth surface.
  • Application over loose particles like dust or rust.
  • Not sanding previous coat of gloss paint.
  • Application over partially dried coat.

Prevention:

  • Ensure proper surface preparation.

Remedy:

  • Surface should be repainted.
Orange Peel

Orange Peel

Causes :

  • Application of top coat paint in highly viscous form.
  • Use of improper thinner.

Prevention:

  • Sufficient drying time between coats.
  • Use recommended painting system.

Remedy:

  • Scrape out orange peel and repaint.
Sags and Runs

Sags and Runs

Causes :

  • Application of excessively thick coat.
  • Use of a wrong thinner.

Prevention:

  • Apply finish coat using recommended thinner.
  • Do not apply thick coats.

Remedy:

  • Sand surface to smoothen the sagged areas and repaint.
Brush Marks

Brush Marks

Causes :

  • Applying paint using poor quality brushes.
  • Highly viscous paint.
  • Careless application.

Prevention:

  • Use proper brushes and thin paint to desired proportion.

Remedy:

  • Sand surface to a smooth finish and apply paint (after thinning to desired proportion).
  • Use good quality brushes.
Checking and Chalking

Checking and Chalking

Causes :

  • Cracking of plaster.
  • Application of matt finish over glossy undercoat finish.
  • Application of finish coat before drying of the under coat.
  • Applying quick hard dry coats over a soft one.

Prevention:

  • Undercoat and top coat of paint should have identical physical properties.
  • Allow drying time between two coats.

Remedy:

  • Entire coat must be completely removed.
  • Exposed base should be then rubbed down to a smooth face and primed before repainting.
Cissing

Cissing

Causes :

  • Small impurities in paint (oil, grease) visible at the centre of the hole.

Prevention:

  • Clean surfaces prior to sanding and remove all sanding dust.

Remedy:

  • Remove paint completely from affected areas and repaint.
Yellowing

Yellowing

Causes :

  • Paint film is deprived of natural sunlight (especially in case of enamels).
  • Paint film subjected to too much sunlight.

Prevention:

  • Use paints like Royale, Premium Emulsion.
  • Improved daylight and ventilation for inside work.

Remedy:

  • Surface should be cleaned and repainted.
  • Use recommended system.
Microbial Growth

Microbial Growth

Causes :

  • Painting over a surface affected with microbial growth.
  • Seepage or dampness in buildings.
  • Contamination of paint by materials used in putty preparation.

Prevention:

  • Before painting, area should be cleaned with 5-10 % bleach solution.
  • Use clear water for thinning and putty preparation.
  • Keep doors and windows open during and after painting.

Remedy:

  • Clean with bleach solution and repaint.
Patchiness

Patchiness

Causes :

  • Application of finish coat over spot puttied surfaces.
  • High alkalinity of surface (evident in new walls).
  • Incomplete drying of putty.
  • Application of thick coat of putty.

Prevention:

  • Allow new walls to get cured for at least three months.
  • Apply thin coats of putty.
  • Always apply a primer coat after applying spot putty.
  • Always sandwich coats of putty with primer.
  • Cracks in plaster should be filled with cement sand mixture.

Remedy:

  • Scrape the surface and repaint adopting the right surface preparation.
Inspiration Wall Painting
Colour Spectra
My Colour Project

My Colour Project

Involve yourself in your home painting experience, at every step!

Let us make painting an joyful journey instead of a chore.

  • Browse and post home décor ideas
  • Visualise the end result with our helpful tools or consult our experts
  • Finally, seal the deal using our tips and planners and proudly exhibit the fantastic results

Moreover you can save each step as you go along to track your progress or make changes later.

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